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Key Learning Areas (Integrated Science)

Science is a creative endeavor of the human mind. It offers a special perspective of the natural world in terms of understanding and interaction.


Science education has to prepare students to cope with the rapid advancement in science and technology.


The aim of science education is to develop in learners a rich and full understanding of the inquiry process; the key concepts and principles of life sciences, physical science, and earth and space sciences; and issues of science, technology, and society in historical and contemporary contexts. This subject emphasises a balanced approach towards the acquisition of scientific knowledge, attitudes and skills through carefully organised activities. This is to ensure that students develop the necessary scientific and technological knowledge and skills to live and work in the 21st century.


The broad aims of this syllabus are that students should:

  1. acquire the basic scientific knowledge and concepts for living in and contributing to a scientific and technological world;
  2. develop the ability to enquire and to solve problems;
  3. be acquainted with the language of science and be equipped with the skills in communicating ideas in science related contexts;
  4. develop curiosity and interest in science;
  5. recognise the usefulness and limitations of science and the interactions between science, technology and society and develop an attitude of responsible citizenship, including respect for the environment and commitment to the wise use of resources;
  6. be able to appreciate and understand the evolutionary nature of scientific knowledge.

The study of science should help students to understand the world in which they live. The objective is not just to have students be able to repeat the words that teachers or others use to describe the world. It is to have students create their own conceptual maps of what surrounds them every day and revise their concepts through investigation. As responsible citizens, scientifically literate individuals are able to exercise their freedom by basing economic and political decisions on their insights into science.